"अर्जेन्टिना" को बिचमी भिन्नता

कोई सम्पादन सारांश आथिन
 
{{Infobox country
| conventional_long_name = Argentine Republic{{efn-ua|name=altnames|Article 35 of the [[Argentine Constitution]] gives equal recognition to the names "[[United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata]]", "Argentine Republic" and "Argentine Confederation" and using "Argentine Nation" in the making and enactment of laws.{{sfn|Constitution of Argentina|loc=art. 35}}}}
| common_name = Argentina
| native_name = {{native name|es|República Argentina}}
| image_flag = Flag of Argentina.svg
| image_coat = Coat of arms of Argentina.svg
| other_symbol = [[File:Sol de Mayo-Bandera de Argentina.svg|90x90px|alt=Sol de Mayo]]
| other_symbol_type = {{native name|es|[[Sol de Mayo]]{{sfnm|1a1=Crow|1y=1992|1p=457|1ps=: "In the meantime, while the crowd assembled in the plaza continued to shout its demands at the cabildo, the sun suddenly broke through the overhanging clouds and clothed the scene in brilliant light. The people looked upward with one accord and took it as a favorable omen for their cause. This was the origin of the "sun of May" which has appeared in the centre of the Argentine flag and on the Argentine coat of arms ever since."|2a1=Kopka|2y=2011|2p=5|2ps=: "The sun's features are those of [[Inti]], the [[Inca]]n sun god. The sun commemorates the appearance of the sun through cloudy skies on 25 May 1810, during the first mass demonstration in favor of independence."}}|nolink=yes|paren=off}}<br />{{small|(Sun of May)}}
| national_motto = {{unbulleted list
|list_style=line-height:125%;
| {{native phrase|es|"[[En unión y libertad]]"|nolink=yes|paren=off}}
| {{small|("In Unity and Freedom")}}
}}
| national_anthem = {{unbulleted list
|item1_style=line-height:125%;
|item2_style=line-height:125%;
|item3_style=margin-top:4px;
| {{native phrase|es|[[Argentine National Anthem|Himno Nacional Argentino]]|nolink=yes|paren=off}}
| {{small|("Argentine National Anthem")}}
| [[File:Himno Nacional Argentino instrumental.ogg|center]]
}}
| image_map = ARG orthographic (+all claims).svg
| map_caption = Argentine territory in dark green; [[:Category:Territorial disputes of Argentina|claimed but uncontrolled territory]] in light green.
| ethnic_groups = {{ublist |item_style=European (mostly Italian and Spanish descent)-space:nowrap; |96.7% [[Argentines of European descent|European]] and [[Mestizo]] {{small|(mostly [[Italian Argentines|Italian]] and [[Spanish Argentines|Spanish]] descent)}}<br />
|2.4% [[Indigenous peoples in Argentina|Amerindian]] |0.5% [[Asian Argentines|Asian]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.telam.com.ar/notas/201611/171079-japon-visita-oficial-primer-ministro-nipon-shinzo-abe-casa-de-gobierno.html|title=Argentina inicia una nueva etapa en su relación con Japón|website=www.telam.com.ar|access-date=2 August 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180818095646/http://www.telam.com.ar/notas/201611/171079-japon-visita-oficial-primer-ministro-nipon-shinzo-abe-casa-de-gobierno.html|archive-date=18 August 2018|url-status = live|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.clarin.com/sociedad/comunidad-china-duplico-ultimos-anos_0_Syfgy52TDQe.html|title=La comunidad china en el país se duplicó en los últimos 5 años|last=Clarín.com|access-date=2 August 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180803014649/https://www.clarin.com/sociedad/comunidad-china-duplico-ultimos-anos_0_Syfgy52TDQe.html|archive-date=3 August 2018|url-status = live|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=1682|title=국가지표체계|website=www.index.go.kr|access-date=2 August 2018|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180818092634/http://www.index.go.kr/potal/main/EachDtlPageDetail.do?idx_cd=1682|archive-date=18 August 2018|url-status = live|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=WebINDEC – Poblaci Censo 2010 |url=https://www.indec.gov.ar/nivel4_default.asp?id_tema_1=2&id_tema_2=41&id_tema_3=135 |website=www.indec.gov.ar |access-date=2 August 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180803022723/https://www.indec.gov.ar/nivel4_default.asp?id_tema_1=2&id_tema_2=41&id_tema_3=135 |archive-date=3 August 2018 |url-status = dead|df=dmy-all }}</ref> |0.4% [[Afro-Argentines|African]]<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html|title=The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency|website=www.cia.gov|access-date=15 May 2007|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20090830153530/https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html|archive-date=30 August 2009|url-status = live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>}}
{{plainlist|'''{{small|Ethnicity:}}'''
* 62.5% [[Italian Argentines|Italian]]<ref name="LaMatanza">{{cite web|url =http://infouniversidades.siu.edu.ar/noticia.php?titulo=historias_de_inmigrantes_italianos_en_argentina&id=1432 |title=Historias de inmigrantes italianos en Argentina |date=14 November 2011 |author =Departamento de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas de la [[National University of La Matanza|Universidad Nacional de La Matanza]] |publisher=infouniversidades.siu.edu.ar |language=Spanish |quote=Se estima que en la actualidad, el 90% de la población argentina tiene alguna ascendencia europea y que al menos 25 millones están relacionados con algún inmigrante de Italia.}}</ref>
* 37.5% Non-Italian}}
| map_width = 220px
| capital = [[Buenos Aires]]
| coordinates = {{Coord|34|36|S|58|23|W|type:city}}
| largest_city = capital
| official_languages = None
| languages_type = [[National language]]
| languages = [[Spanish language|Spanish]]{{ref label|note-lang|a}}
| regional_languages = {{Plainlist|
* [[Guarani language|Guaraní]] in [[Corrientes Province|Corrientes]]<ref name="Corrientes-5598" />
* [[Southern Quechua|Quechua]] in [[Santiago del Estero Province|Santiago del Estero]]<ref>{{cite book |title=La educación intercultural bilingüe en Santiago del Estero, ¿mito o realidad?|publisher=Cámara de Diputados de la Nación |page=1 |url=http://usuarios.arnet.com.ar/yanasu/Ley5409.html |trans-title=La cámara de diputados de la provincia sanciona con fuerza de ley.|quote=Declárase de interés oficial la preservación, difusión, estímulo, estudio y práctica de la lengua Quíchua en todo el territorio de la provincia [..] |language=es-AR}}</ref>
* [[Toba Qom language|Qom]], [[Mocoví language|Mocoví]], and [[Wichí languages|Wichí]] in [[Chaco Province|Chaco]]<ref name=kom/>
* [[Patagonian Welsh|Welsh]] in [[Chubut Province|Chubut]]<ref>{{cite book |title=Enseñanza y desarrollo continuo del idioma galés en la provincia del Chubut. Expresión de beneplácito. Menna, Quetglas y Austin. |publisher=Cámara de Diputados de la Nación |page=1 |url=https://www4.hcdn.gob.ar/dependencias/dcomisiones/periodo-136/136-1732.pdf |trans-title=Teaching and continuous development of the Welsh language in the province of Chubut. Expression of approval. Menna, Quetglas and Austin. |quote=Declarar de interés de la Honorable Cámara de Diputados de la Nación la enseñanza y desarrollo continuo del idioma galés en la provincia del Chubut [..] |language=es-AR}}</ref>
}}
| religion_year = 2019
| religion_ref = <ref name="CONICETReligion19">{{cite web|url=http://www.ceil-conicet.gov.ar/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/ii25-2encuestacreencias.pdf|accessdate=November 19, 2019|year=2019|last1=Mallimac|last2=Giménez Béliveau|last3=Esquivel|last4=Irrazábal|first1=Fortunato|first2=Verónica|first3=Juan Cruz|first4=Gabriela|title=Sociedad y Religión en Movimiento. Segunda Encuesta Nacional sobre Creencias y Actitudes Religiosas en la Argentina|language=Spanish|publisher=Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Laborales (CEIL). [[National Scientific and Technical Research Council|CONICET]]|issn=1515-7466}}</ref>
| religion = {{ublist |item_style=white-space; |62.9% [[Catholic Church in Argentina|Roman Catholic]] |18.9% [[Irreligion|Irreligious]] |15.3% [[Evangelicalism]] |1.4% [[Jehovah's Witnesses]] and [[Mormon]] |1.2% Other |0.3% ''Unknown''}}
| demonym = {{unbulleted list
|[[Argentines|Argentine]]
|Argentinian
|{{nowrap|Argentinean {{small|(uncommon)}}}}
}}
| government_type = [[Federal republic|Federal]] [[Presidential system|presidential]] [[Republic|constitutional republic]]
| leader_title1 = [[President of Argentina|President]]
| leader_name1 = [[Alberto Fernández]]
| leader_title2 = [[List of Vice Presidents of Argentina|Vice President]]
| leader_name2 = [[Cristina Fernández de Kirchner]]
| leader_title3 = [[Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers]]
| leader_name3 = [[Santiago Cafiero]]
| leader_title4 = [[List of Presidents of the Argentine Chamber of Deputies|President of the Chamber of Deputies]]
| leader_name4 = [[Sergio Massa]]
| leader_title5 = [[Supreme Court of Argentina|President of Supreme Court]]
| leader_name5 = [[Carlos Rosenkrantz]]
| legislature = [[Argentine National Congress|National Congress]]
| upper_house = [[Argentine Senate|Senate]]
| lower_house = [[Argentine Chamber of Deputies|Chamber of Deputies]]
| sovereignty_type = [[Argentine War of Independence|Independence]]
| sovereignty_note = from [[Spanish Empire|Spain]]
| established_event1 = [[May Revolution]]
| established_date1 = 25 May 1810
| established_event2 = [[Argentine Declaration of Independence|Declared]]
| established_date2 = 9 July 1816
| established_event3 = {{nowrap|[[Argentine Constitution|Constitution]]}}
| established_date3 = 1 May 1853
| area_km2 = 2780400
| area_footnote = {{efn-ua|name=excl_area|Area does not include territorial claims in [[Argentine Antarctica#Argentine claim|Antarctica]] (965,597 km{{smallsup|2}}, including the [[South Orkney Islands]]), the [[Falkland Islands]] (11,410 km{{smallsup|2}}), the [[South Georgia Island|South Georgia]] (3,560 km{{smallsup|2}}) and the [[South Sandwich Islands]] (307 km{{smallsup|2}}).<ref name=totalpop>{{cite web|url=http://www.indec.mecon.ar/nuevaweb/cuadros/2/f020202.xls |format=XLS |title=Población por sexo e índice de masculinidad. Superficie censada y densidad, según provincia. Total del país. Año 2010 |work=Censo Nacional de Población, Hogares y Viviendas 2010 |publisher=INDEC – Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos |place=Buenos Aires |year=2010 |language=Spanish |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20140608011356/http://www.indec.mecon.ar/nuevaweb/cuadros/2/f020202.xls |archivedate=8 June 2014 |url-status = dead|df= }}</ref>}}
| area_rank = 8th
| percent_water = 1.57
| population_estimate = 44,938,712
| population_census = 40,117,096<ref name=totalpop/>
| population_estimate_year = 2019
| population_estimate_rank = 31st
| population_census_year = 2010
| population_census_rank =
| population_density_km2 = 14.4
| pop_den_footnote = <ref name=totalpop/>
| population_density_rank = 214th
| GDP_PPP = $903.542 billion<ref name=imf2>{{cite web|url=https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/02/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=68&pr.y=13&sy=2019&ey=2024&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=213&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a=|title=Argentina|accessdate=25 October 2019|work=World Economic Outlook Database|publisher=International Monetary Fund|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
| GDP_PPP_year = 2019
| GDP_PPP_rank = 25th
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $20,055<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank = 56th
| GDP_nominal = $445.469 billion<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_nominal_year = 2019
| GDP_nominal_rank = 30th
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $9,887<ref name=imf2/>
| GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank = 53rd
| Gini = 41.4 <!--number only-->
| Gini_year = 2018 <!-- use the year to which the data refers, not the publication year-->
| Gini_change = increase <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| Gini_ref = <ref name=gini/>
| Gini_rank =
| HDI = 0.830 <!--number only-->
| HDI_year = 2018 <!-- use the year to which the data refers, not the publication year-->
| HDI_change = decrease <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| HDI_ref = <ref name="HDI">{{cite web |url=http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2019.pdf |title=2019 Human Development Report |year=2019 |accessdate=9 December 2019 |publisher=United Nations Development Programme }}</ref>
| HDI_rank = 48th
| currency = [[Argentine peso|Peso]] ([[Dollar sign|$]])
| currency_code = ARS
| time_zone = [[Time in Argentina|ART]]
| utc_offset = −3
| date_format = dd.mm.yyyy ([[Common Era|CE]])
| drives_on = right{{ref label|note-train|b}}
| calling_code = [[+54]]
| cctld = [[.ar]]
| footnote_a = {{note|note-lang}}Though not declared official ''[[de jure]]'', the Spanish language is the only one used in the wording of laws, decrees, resolutions, official documents and public acts.
| footnote_b = {{note|note-train}}10 June 1945, but trains are still driven on left.
| today =
}}
 
 
[[File:Argentina_orthographic.svg|thumb]]
[[File:ViñedoCafayate.jpg|thumb|Salta]]
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